2012 CONSUMER CONFIDENCE REPORT PWSID#5244008Important information for the Spanish-speaking population Este informe contiene información muy importante sobre el agua que usted bebe. Tradúzcalo, o hable con alguien que lo entienda bien.Is our water safe? This brochure is a snapshot of the quality of the drinking water that we provided last year. Included as part of this report are details about where the water that you drink comes from, what it contains, and how it compares to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Indiana standards. We are committed to provide you with all the information that you need to know about the quality of the water that you drink. Do I need to take special precautions? Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons, such as people with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, people have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants which are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at (800) 426-4791. Where does our water come from? Our water source is ground water pumped from the Topeka Fan Aquifer. The groundwater is pumped using three wells on property owned by the Town of Topeka. Our Watershed Protection Efforts Our water system is working with the community to increase awareness of better waste disposal practices to further protect. The sources of our drinking water. We are also working with other agencies and with local watershed groups to educate the Community on ways to keep our water safe. We also have a source water assessment plan and/or a well head protection plan available from our office that provides more information such as potential sources of contamination. This report shows our water quality and what it means. Why are there contaminants in my drinking water? Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and their potential health effects can be obtained by calling the EPA’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline at (800) 426-4791. The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water ) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the land or underground, it dissolves naturally-occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material or it can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity. Contaminants that may be present in the raw, untreated water may include: Microbial Contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife. Inorganic Contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally-occurring, or that result from urban storm water runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining or farming. Pesticides and Herbicides, may come from a variety of sources, such as agricultural, urban storm water runoff, and residential uses. Organic Chemical Contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban storm water runoff, and septic systems.Radioactive Contaminants, can be Naturally-occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities. In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, the EPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. FDA regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water, which must provide the same protection for public health. Water Quality Data The table below lists all the contaminants that we detected the 2010 calendar year. The presence of these contaminants in the water does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk. Unless otherwise indicated, the data presented in this table is from testing done between January 1 and December 31, 2011. The Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) requires us to monitor for certain contaminants at a frequency less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants are not expected to vary significantly from one year to another. Some of the data, though representative of the water quality may however be more than one year old. Some of the terms and abbreviations used in the report are: MCL: Maximum Contaminant Level, the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed i drinking water. MCLs are set as close to MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology. MCLG: Maximum Contaminant Level Goal, the level of a contaminant in water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety. MRDL: Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level, The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants. MRDLG: Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal, The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants. AL: Action Level, The concentration of a contaminate which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow. NTU: Nephelometric Turbidity Unit, a measure of the clarity (or cloudiness) of water. ppm: Parts per million or milligrams per liter (mgl)-or one ounce in 7,350 gallons of water. ppb: Parts per billion, or Micrograms per liter (ug/l)-or one ounce in 7,350,000 gallons of water. pCi/L: Picocuries per liter, picocuries per liter is a measure of the radioactivity in water. ND: Non-Detects, the result was not detected at or above the analytical method detection level.
Special note on lead: If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. The Topeka Water Company is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791 or at http://www.epa..gov/safewater/lead. Special note on Gross Beta: The MCL for Gross Beta is 4mrem/year; however, EPA considers 50 pCi/l to be the level of concern for Beta particles.
Total Coliform Bacteria: We are instructed to pull two wate samples per month to be tested for Total Coliform Bacteria. Due to a sampling error, we had one sample show positive on 9/15/11. Sequential testing showed no bacteria was present, and no violations or penalties were incurred.
Our Watershed Protection EffortsOur water system is working with the community to increase awareness of better waste disposal practices to further protect The sources of our drinking water. We are also working with other agencies and with local watershed groups to educate the Community on ways to keep our water safe. We also have a source water assessment plan and/or a well head protection plan available from our office that provides more information such as potential sources of contamination. This report shows our water quality and what it means.
Public Involvement Opportunities If you have any questions about this report or concerning your water utility, please contact Tom Sheline at 260-593-2300. We want our valued customers to be informed about their water utility. If you want to learn more, please attend any of our Regularly scheduled meetings, or visit the town’s website at www.topekain.net . Meetings are held on the 2nd and 4th Mondays of each month at the Topeka Town Hall 124 East Lake Street, at 5:00 pm. Please Share This Information Large water volume customers (like apartments, schools, and/or industries) are encouraged to post copies of this report in conspicuous locations or to distribute them to your tenants, residents, patients, students, and/or employees. This “good faith” Effort will allow non-billed customers to learn more about the quality of the water that they consume. Extra copies can be obtained by calling 260-593-2300.We at the Topeka Water Company work around the clock to provide top quality water to every tap. We ask that all our customers help us protect our water sources, which are the heart of our community, our way of life and our children’s future. The Topeka Water Company is a Member of: American Water Works Association (AWWA), and the Alliance of Indiana Rural Water. Topeka PWSID#5244008. Thank You.